ACHR / ACCA in INDIA
Amongst ACHR founding partners were the SPARC / Mahila Milan / NSDF Alliance working extensively throughout India. ACHR with the Alliance collaborated strongly in Cambodia, Nepal and Philippines in particular, and both were instrumental in the formation of Slum /Shack Dwellers International.(SDI). SDI support has allowed the Alliance to support many projects and processes in India so consequently ACHR and ACCA have limited support to other cities and organisations. Amongst the strongest ACHR actors are Hunnarshala in Bhuj and ASAG (Kirtee Shah) in Ahmedabad, as well as The Tibet Heritage Foundation in Ladakh.
The city of Bhuj
is a historic town in Gujarat, India’s westernmost state. Bhuj is the administrative center of Kutch District - an extremely hot, dry and drought-prone area, which is also prone to earthquakes and cyclones. The city was almost totally leveled by an earthquake on 26 January, 2001, in which 7,000 people died and thousands were left homeless. Since the earthquake, the city has been almost totally rebuilt, according to a brand new development plan, and expanded from an ancient, dense walled city into a sprawling “modern” city. The ACCA project in Bhuj, which is just getting started, is being implemented by a network of women’s community savings groups, with support from three local NGOs : Hunnarshala (a technical NGO), Sahjeevan and Kutch Mahila Vikas Sangathan (which helps set up women’s savings groups).
SLUMS IN BHUJ :
There are 43 slum communities in Bhuj, grouped together in seven major clusters around the city. Most of these slums are on government land, and a few are on privately-owned or agricultural land. Slums in Bhuj are organized around religious and caste groups, with each caste having its own slums. Many of these slums are on land which used to be outside the walled city and was allocated to various lower-caste communities by the king, in return for services they provided for the city. After India’s independence in 1947, these settlements were not officially recognised, but the communities continued to live there, and over time, the settlements expanded. So even though their great, great grandfathers got their land rights from the king, most of these slum dwellers are still considered squatters. Other slums were settled later, on public land, by poor rural migrants looking for work or to be closer to the markets. Some settlements are also on old agricultural land, whose sale was not done through official channels. After the earthquake, a lot of people have migrated from their crowded old inner-city areas to peripheral settlements with more space, and some 500 households were evicted when wide new roads in the new development plan were cut through their settlements.
CITY-WIDE SURVEY :
With support from their NGO partners, the women’s savings groups in Bhuj are in the process of carrying out a city-wide slum survey, and have completed nine slums so far, and hope to finish all the slums by January 2010. They plan to present the survey to the municipality and advocate for the municipality to endorse the survey data as “official” data on the city’s slums.
India Update December 2014 2 page extract from ACCA 5 Year Report
All the latest ACCA stat.s from India
Two small cities offer two angles on citywide housing solutions
ACCA big Project
2 page extract from on the above topics ACCA 5 Year Report
As we construct the NEW ACHR website we will add more information on each country. For now please consider the Country Library section below where PDF downloads with copious information is available.
ACHR VISIT to Mumbai September 25 - 28, 2013
• Notes on the project visits and discussions in Mumbai, before the ACHR / ACCA meeting
• Hosted by the SPARC / Mahila Milan / NSDF Alliance
1 Mgb PDF
Groups in two Indian cities are using the ACCA tools in different ways :
ACCA in Ladakh Region and ACCA in Bhuj